# Dictionary Definition

strict adj

1 (of rules) stringently enforced; "hard-and-fast
rules" [syn: hard-and-fast]

2 rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a
standard; "rigorous application of the law"; "a strict vegetarian"
[syn: rigorous]

3 incapable of compromise or flexibility [syn:
rigid]

4 not indulgent; "strict parents" [syn: nonindulgent]

5 unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or
judgment; "a parent severe to the pitch of hostility"- H.G.Wells;
"a hefty six-footer with a rather severe mien"; "a strict
disciplinarian"; "a Spartan upbringing" [syn: severe, spartan]

6 severe and unremitting in making demands; "an
exacting instructor"; "a stern disciplinarian"; "strict standards"
[syn: stern, exacting]

# User Contributed Dictionary

## English

### Etymology

- From strictus

### Pronunciation

- /strɪkt/
- Rhymes with: -ɪkt

### Adjective

- Strained; drawn close; tight; as, a strict embrace; a strict ligature.
- Tense; not relaxed; as, a strict fiber.
- Exact; accurate; precise; rigorously nice; as, to keep strict watch; to pay strict attention.
- Governed or governing by exact rules; observing exact rules; severe; rigorous; as, very strict in observing the Sabbath.
- Rigidly interpreted; exactly limited; confined; restricted; as, to understand words in a strict sense.
- Upright, or straight and narrow; — said of the shape of the plants or their flower clusters.
- Severe in discipline

#### Translations

- Arabic:
- Chinese: 嚴格, 严格 (yángé)
- Dutch: streng
- Finnish: tarkka, ankara
- French: strict
- German: streng
- Hungarian: szigorú
- Italian: severo
- Japanese: 厳しい (kibishii)
- Korean: 엄격한 (eomkyeokhan)
- Portuguese: severo
- Russian: строгий (strógij)
- Spanish: estricto
- Swedish: sträng

## French

### Etymology

- From strictus

### Pronunciation

### Adjective

# Extensive Definition

In mathematical writing, the
adjective strict is used to modify technical terms which have
multiple meanings. It indicates that the exclusive meaning of the
term is to be understood. (More formally, one could say that this
is the meaning which implies the other meanings.) The opposite is
non-strict. This is often implicit but can be put explicitly for
clarity.

This term is commonly used in the context of
inequalities
— the phrase "strictly less than" means "less than and
not equal to" (likewise "strictly greater than" means "greater than
and not equal to"). More generally a , strict
total order and strict
weak order exclude equality and equivalence.

A related use occurs when comparing numbers to
zero — "strictly positive" and "strictly negative" mean
"positive and not equal to zero" and "negative and not equal to
zero", respectively. Also, in the context of functions, the adverb
"strictly " is used to modify the terms "monotonic", "increasing",
and "decreasing".

On the other hand, sometimes one wants to specify
the inclusive meanings of terms. In the context of comparisons, one
can use the phrases "non-negative", "non-positive",
"non-increasing", and "non-decreasing" to make it clear that the
inclusive sense of the terms is intended.

Using such terminology helps avoid possible
ambiguity and confusion. For instance, upon reading the phrase "x
is positive", it is not immediately clear whether x = 0 is
possible, since some authors might use the term positive loosely,
and mean that x is not less than zero. Therefore, it is prudent to
write "x is strictly positive" for x>0 and "x is non-negative"
for x≥0. (A precise term like non-negative is never used
with the word negative in the wide, loose sense that includes
zero.)

The word "proper" is often used in the same way
as "strict." For example, a "proper
subset" of a set S is a subset that is not equal to S itself,
and a "proper
class" is a class which is not also a set.

strict in German: Streng

# Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Sabbatarian, Spartan, Spartanic, absolute, absolutist, absolutistic, accurate, arbitrary, aristocratic, arrogant, aspersion, astringent, attentive, austere, authoritarian, authoritative, autocratic, bigoted, bossy, careful, censorious, choicy, choosy, circumscription,
close, cold-blooded,
complete, compulsive, confining, conscientious, constant, constrictive, correct, cramp, creedbound, critical, defined, delicate, demanding, despotic, detailed, dictatorial, direct, discriminating, discriminative, dogmatic, domineering, dour, draconian, evangelical, even, exact, exacting, exigent, express, exquisite, faithful, fastidious, feudal, fine, finical, finicking, finicky, firm, forbidding, fundamentalist, fussy, grim, grinding, hard, hard-boiled, harsh, hidebound, high-handed,
hyperorthodox,
imperative, imperial, imperious, inerrable, inerrant, infallible, inflexible, ironhanded, just, limitation, literalist, literalistic, lordly, magisterial, magistral, masterful, mathematical, meticulous, micrometrically
precise, microscopic, minute, monocratic, narrow, nice, obloquy, oppressive, overbearing, overconscientious,
overruling, overscrupulous, particular, peremptory, perfectionistic,
picky, pinpoint, pitiless, precise, precisianist, precisianistic, precisionistic, priggish, prudish, punctilious, punctual, purist, puristic, puritanic, puritanical, refined, reflection, religious, religiously exact,
repressive, right, rigid, rigorist, rigorous, rugged, ruthless, scientific, scientifically
exact, scrupulous,
scrutinizing,
selective, sensitive, severe, slam, slur, square, staunch, stern, stint, straitlaced, stricture, stringent, subtle, suppressive,
tender-conscienced, thorough, tough, tyrannical, tyrannous, uncompromising, undeviating, undistorted, unerring, unsparing, unsympathetic, veracious, veridical